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How to Install a Rustic Stone Walkway

Ask This Old House mason Mark McCullough installs a front walkway for a homeowner using natural stone.

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Time: 5-6 hours

Cost: $2000

Skill Level:
Moderate to Expert

Tools:
Safety glasses
Hearing protection
Shovel
Pickaxe
Wheelbarrow
Compactor
Trowel
Rubber mallet
Level
Masonry hammer

Shopping List:
Natural stone steppers
Spray paint
Stone pack material (crushed stone and stone dust)
Stone dust
Plastic edging

Steps:
1. Before doing any project that requires digging, always contact your utility locating service to identify the location of water lines, gas lines, etc.
2. Use spray paint or some other type of marker to determine where the path will go to help make digging easier.
3. Use a pick axe to loosen the soil in between the lines of the new walkway. Then, use a shovel to dig out the path. Depending on the thickness of the stone, plan to dig down about 6-8”. For easy removal, dump the soil into a wheelbarrow.
4. Use a compactor to get the base as solid as possible. These can be rented at most home centers. A hand tamper would also work, but multiple steps in this process will require compacting, so it’s worth it to rent the compactor. Use hearing protection while running the compactor.
5. Once the walkway is packed down, add two inches or so of stone pack and compact that as well.
6. Add a couple more inches of stone pack on top of that and compact it.
7. Mix up the stone dust in the wheelbarrow with water.
8. Scoop the stone dust mixture onto the walkway in small sections at a time. Smooth it out with a trowel.
9. Place the stepping stones in a logical order on top of the stone dust. Wiggle the stones as low as possible to ensure the stone dust fills in the gaps underneath the stone as well. A rubber mallet and a level should be used to make sure the stones are placed evenly.
10. Continue this process all the way across the walkway. If a stone feels like a close fit but isn’t quite right, try cutting it with the back end of a masonry hammer.
11. Secure plastic edging around both sides of the walkway. They come with stakes that can be hammered easily into the ground.

Resources:

Because natural stone is a naturally-occurring substance, it will not always be possible to match other natural stone in a landscape. Mark suggests identifying the nearest stone and masonry yards first to see if they have what you’re looking for.

The natural stone stepper Mark used is called a “New York Paver”, which he got from Cavicchio Greenhouses (http://www.cavicchio.com/ ).

The plastic edging is Vigoro No-Dig Landscape Edging Kit, and is found at most home centers.

The compacter Mark used can be rented from most home centers. The other materials Mark used for this job, including the mallet and edging can also be found at the home center.

Expert assistance with this segment was provided by MJM Masonry (http://mjmmasonry.com/ ).

Ask This Old House TV
Homeowners have a virtual truckload of questions for us on smaller projects, and we’re ready to answer. Ask This Old House solves the steady stream of home improvement problems faced by our viewers—and we make house calls! Ask This Old House features some familiar faces from This Old House, including Kevin O’Connor, general contractor Tom Silva, plumbing and heating expert Richard Trethewey, and landscape contractor Roger Cook.
 
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Keywords: This Old House, How-to, home improvement, DIY, ask this old house, mark mccullough, kevin o’connor, concrete, masonry

Watch the full episode, Stone Walkway, Rustic Headboard | Ask TOH: https://www.thisoldhouse.com/node/199136

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